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Budismi leviku ajalugu - tabelina

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Budistlik ajaarvami Kristlik ajaarvamine
-80 -462 Sünnib prints Siddharta Gautama
-45 -589 Valgustumine Sellel sajandil elasid Bimbisara, Magadha kuningas; Konfutsius ja Laozi Hiinas ja Mahavira Indias.
1 -544
(-383)
Buddha parinirvana ja Esimene Budistlik SuurKogu Rajaghas Ajatasattu, Magadha kuningas
100 -444
(-383)
Teine Budistlik SuurKogu Vesalis ja esimene lahknemine Sanghas Kalasoka, Magadha kuningas
218 -326 Aleksander Suure India ekspeditsioon
280 kuni -264
-227
Ašoka valitsusaeg Algasid (264 e.m.a.) Puunia sõjad Rooma ja Kartaago vahel
294 -250 Peale Kalinga sõda saab Ašokast budist
297 -247 Kolmas Budistlik Suur Kogu Pataliputtas, mis saatis misjonärid Kasmira Gandharasse, Mahisamandalasse, Vanavasasse, Aparantakasse, Maharatthasse, kõiki India regioonidesse, Ioonia riiki (Kreeka), Himaalaja regiooni, Suvannabhumi (Alumine osa Birmast, Siiam ja Kambodža) ja Lankale (Tseilon).
298 -246 Dicdotus asutab Kreeka-Baktria kuningriigi
304 -240 Ašoka poeg Kustana asutas Khotani kuningriigi Kesk-Aasias
330 -214 Algas Hiina müüri ehitus
333 -211 Esimene budistlik klooster Khotanis
359
kuni
-185
-72
Sunga periood Kesk-Indias
443
kuni
-101
-77
Suure Suvannamali Stuupa ehitus Anuradhapuras. Kaljutemplite traditsiooni algus Karles (1. sajand e.m.a.), Nasikis, Kanheris, Junnaris, Bhajas (2. sajand e.m.a.), Ajantas (2. sajand e.m.a. kuni 7. sajand p.Kr) ja Elloras (5.-8. sajand pKr). Kuningas Dutugemunu Anuradhapuras, Sri Lankal. Andras Ujjenis.
489 -55 Julius Caesari esimene ekspeditsioon Britanniasse.
500 -44 Baktria kuningas Menander kohtub Sialkotis Van Nagasenaga ja saab budistiks: Milinda Pañha kirjutis: Kreeka-budistliku kunsti ja arhitektuuri koolkonna Gandhara algus, mid mõjutas suuresti Kesk-Aasiat. Baktria Impeerium
514 -30 Rooma Impeeriumi rajamine Augustuse poolt.
515
kuni
-29
-17
Tipitaka e smakordne kirjapanek Aloka-viharas, Matales, Sri Lankal : theravaada traditsiooni kohaselt neljas Sri Lankal aset leidnud Budistlik Kogu Vattagamini Abhaya valitsus Sri Lankal (29-17 e.m.a.)
540 -4 Jeesus Kristus Naatsaretist tema õige sünniaasta
542 -2 Yichen, yuezhide kuninga saadik, jõudis Changani ja õpetas seal budistlike käsikirju
544 Algab kristlik ajastu
569 25 Ida Han dünastia Hiinas (25-221 pKr)
611 67 Budismi ametlik jõudmine Hiina
622 78 Neljas Budistlik SuurKogu (theravada ei tunnista) Jalandharis, Kašmiiris: Austatud Vasumitra ja Asvaghosa: Vaibhasa-Sastra kirjutis Kushaanide kuninga Kanisha valitsusaeg. Saka ajastu algus (teised daatumid 128 ja 144 pKr)
694 150 Austatud Nāgārdžuna, madhjamika filosoofia esindaja, Yajna Sri Gautamiputra kaasaegne
710 166 Reign of Satavahana King of India, Yajna Sri Gautamiputra (166-196CE)
708 164 Great Plague began and lasted to the death of M. Aurelius (180CE) This devastated all Asia. Century of war and disorder in the Roman Empire began.
719 175-
225
Austatud Monzi Hiinas, kes kirjutas uurimuse, milles võrdles budismi Konfutsiuse ja Laozi õpetustega.
814 270-
350
Austatud Maitreya (natha) yogacara koolkonna asutaja
824 280 Vasubandhu, Asanga vend. (280-360 pKr)
843 299 Gandhara kuninga Vasudeva heatahtemissioon Hiina
847 303 Persecution of Christian by Emperor Diocletian
864 320 Beginning of reign of Chandra Gupta and of the Gupta era (300-606 CE)
Kunigas Chandragupta loal rajatakse Buddha Gayasse singali klooster kuningas Sri Meghavanna (304-333 pKr) poolt
888 344 Kumarajiva sünd.
894 350 Asanga, yogacara kõige silmapaistvam õpetlane
916 372 Hiina munk viib budismi Kogaryusse Põhja-Koreas
928 384 Budism jõuab Kesk-Aasiast austatud munga Marananda abiga Pakchesse edela Koreas
930 386 Budism kuulutatakse Hiinas riigiusundiks Pöhja-Wei dynasia Hiinas 386-353 m.a.j.
943 399 Faxiani rännakud Indias (399-414 pKr) Chandragupta II valitsusaeg Indias 375-413 m.a.j.
946 402 Budism jõuab Silla riiki kagu Koreas: madhyamika koolkonna Buddhapalita ja Bhavaviveke (5. sajandi I pool): Dinnaga, pidas ennast budistlikule loogikale alusepanijaks; Buddhadatta
953 409 Hiu Shen võtab ette missiooni Mehhikosse kuningas Yung Yuani valitsusajal. Tagasi pöördus 543 pKr.
964 420 Sanghavarman tõlkis raamatud vinaya kohta sanskriti keelest hiina keelde
975 431 Gunavarmani missioon Vietnami, Javale ja Hiina. Javast saab tema mõjul budistlik riik.
979 435 Gunabhadra, srilankalane jõudis Hiinast Indrapuri (Hue).
1002 458 Buddhaghosa, suure pali kommentaatori jõudmine Mahaviharasse, Anuradhapuras; Samantapasadikat, vinaya kommentaari, alustatakse kuninga valitsuse 20. aastal ja lõpetatakse 21. aastal. Kuningas Mahanama valitsusaeg Sri Lankal 458-480 m.a.j.
1032 488 Sangabodhi Sri Lankalt jõudis Tonkingi ja liikus edasi Jetavana Vihara Kantoni
1046 502-
549
Bodhidharma, Hiina chan koolkonna asutaja.
1070 526 Bodhidharma lahkus Vietnamist Hiina suunas
1092 548 Ujjaini Paramartha (Po-lo-mo-tho) (513-569 pKr) jõudmine Nankingi.
1096 552 Budism jõudis Jaapanisse Kudarast (Pakche), ühest Korea kuningriikidest.
1114 570 Syndis islami rajaja prohvet Muhamed.
1119 575 Chandrakirti madhyamika koolkonnast
1138 594 Prints Shotoku andis välja keiserliku määruse Kolme Juveeli arengu toetamiseks ja kiirendamiseks
1150 606 Kanauji kuninga Harsadeva, suure budismi toetaja, trooniletõus (606-647 pKr)
1161 617 Kuningas Sron-btsan-sgam-po (Songtsen Gampo) trooniletõus Tiibetis ja budismi ametlik jõudmine Tiibetisse.
1162 618 Tang dynastia Hiinas 618-906.
1173 629 Xuanzang või Hieun Tsang (602-660pKr) alustab enda teekonda Indiasse; Reisis Indias 633-644 ja pöördus tagasi Hiina 645 pKr.
1215 671 I’Tsing’s visit to kingdom of Sri Vijaya. On his outward journey to India, Sri Vijaya a Theravada centre; Travelled from 671-695 CE.
1228 684 Talang Tuwo Ins. in Sri Vijaya Kingdom.
1239 695 Re-Visit to Sri Vijaya by I’tsing: Sri Vijaya had become a Mahayana outpost.
1254 710 Beginning of Nara period in Japan. Nara made the capital
1258 714 Persecution of Buddhists in China by Yen T'sing: Pala Rule in Bengal - a Buddhist dynasty: Rise of Nalanda University and the Universities of Vickremasila and Odantipuri.
1299 755 Ascendancy of King Khri-Sron-Ide-btsan.
1319 775 Ligor Inscription-patronage of the Sri Vijaya Kingdom to Mahayana Buddhism
1338 794 Kyoto period in Japan Helan, Kyoto became the capital (794-1194 CE)
1348 804 Beginning of Tendai school in Japan by Ven. Saicho (767-822 CE)
1350 806 Beginning of Shingon school in Japan by Ven. Kukai (774-835 CE)
1366 822 Establishment of the second Ordination Platform on Mount Hiei, Japan.
1394 850 Nalanda copperplate of Deva-paladeva-gift of 5 villages to a vihara founded at Nalanda byKing of Sri Vijaya.
1411 867 Copperplate Ins.of Rastrakuta King Dantavarman in Kampilya, Gujerat-donation of land to the Kampily vihara where 500 monks of the sangha of the Sindhu desa lived.
1412 868 Ins. of Pandya King Vikramaditya Varaguna with Buddhist references.
1428 884 Copper plate Ins. of the Rastrakuta King Dharavarsa recording similar grants to Kampilya vihara.
1482 938 Ven. Kuya teaches the Nembetsu in Japan
1519 975 Kagudpa school of Yogo established by Tilopa in Tibet.
1526 982 Acarya Dipankara Sri Jnana or Atisa Dpal-mar-med-mdsa-ye-ses or Jo-vor-Je-pal-dan Atisa (982-1054CE)
1549 1005 Cola Ins. of Rajaraja I in Nagapattanam recording the commencement of the construction of a Buddhist vihara there by Sailendra King Cudamanivarman
1554 1010 Buddhism made state religion in Vietnam during Ly-Dyna-sty (1010-1225 CE)
1573 1029 Punjab, Kasmir, Gandhara under Muslim rulers of Gazni
1585 1041 Ven. Atisa's mission to Tibet (1041-1054 CE)
1588 1044 King Anawratha ascend the Burmese throne
1594 1050 Religious council in Tibet associated with Atisa, Marpa and Milarepa
1601 1057 Conquest of Thaton by king Anawaratha and the introduction of Theravada Buddhism into Burma
1634 1090 Construction of the Pagan temple in Burma by king Kyanzittha (1084-1112CE)
1697 1153 Asendancy of King Parakramabahu I in Sri Lanka (1153-1186 CE)
1709 1165 Unification of Mahavihara, Abhayagiriya and Jetavana vihara monks in Sri Lanka. End of all schisms
1116 1172 Beginning of Jodo school in Japan by Ven. Honen
1725 11811182 Establishment of the Sihala Order of monks in Burma
1736 1192 Beginning of Kamakura Period in Japan(1192-1334)
1768 1224 Beginning of Jodo-Shinsu school in Japan by Ven. Shinron (1173-1262 CE)
1771 1227 Beginning of Soto zen school in Japan by Ven. Dogen (1200-1253 CE)
1797 1253 Beginning of Nichiren school in Japan by Ven. Nichiren (1222-1282 CE)
1801 1257 Establishment of the Lanka-vemsa in Sukhodaya, later Thailand Ramakamhem King of Sukhodaya.
1811 1267 Beginning of Jishu school in Japan by Ippen
1814 1270 Creation of the Tibetan theocracy by Emperor Kubilai Khan
1902 1358-1419 Ven. Tson-kha-pa, the founder of the Dge-lugs-pa (yellow hats) in Tibet.
1912 1368 Setting in of the decline of Buddhism in China Ming Dynasty in China 1368-1644 CE
1952 1408 Founding of the Ganden monastery near Lhasa by Tsonkha-pa
1997 1453 Constantinople taken by Ottomon Turks
2020 1476 Kalyani Inscription
2040 1496 Vasco-da-Gama discovers sea route to India
2049 1505 Portuguese arrival in Sri Lanka
2093 1549 Xavier brings catholicism to Japan
2091 1574-1601 Taranatha, a historian of Buddhism
2147 1603 Beginning of Edo period in Japan 1603-1867 CE
2256 1712 Buddhism appeared in Baikal region in USSR
2258 1714 First Buddhist Temple in Buryati, Mongolia.
2297 1735 Higher ordination brought from Thailand and the beginning of the Syamopali vamsa in Sri Lanka. King Kirtisri Rajasinghe in Sri Lanka (1747-1781 CE)
2378 1834 Tibetan-English Dictioary by Come de Koros
2381 1837 George Turnour's critical edition and translation of Mahavamsa
2399 1855 Latin translation of Dhammapada by Prof. Vincent Fausboll.
2410 1866 First public controversy between Buddhists and Christians at Udanvita, Sri Lanka.
2415 1872 Fifth Council at Mandalaya, Burma (Theravada): Second Public controversy at Gampola, Sri Lanka.
2416 1872 Third public controversy at Panadura, Sri Lanka, which led to a Buddhist re-awakening. Establishment of Vidyodaya Oriental College (Pirivena) Colombo.
2417 1873 Establishment of Vidyalankara Oriental College (Pirivena) Kelaniya.
2423 1879 Light of Asia written by Sri Edwin Arnold
2424 1880 Coming of Henry Steele Olcott to Sri Lanka.
2425 1881 Founding of the Pali-Text Society by Prof. Rhys Davids
2429 1885 Buddhist flag designed. Waisakha Full moon declared a Public Holiday for the first time under British Rule
2431 1887 Ven. Soryu Kubahi's mission to Honolulu, Hawaii.
2435 1891 Founding of the Mahabodhi Society by Anagarika Dharmapala
2436 1892 Founding of the Buddhist Text Society of Calcutta
2437 1893 World conference of Religions Chicago: Introduction of Buddhism to USA by Anagarika Dharmapala
2443 1899 Rev. Sokei Sonada's mission to San Francisco
2444 1900 First expendition of Sri Aurel Stein to Central Asia.
2451 1907 Founding of the Buddhist Society of Great Britain and Ireland: Establishment of the Jetavana Vihare in Nanking, China.
2452 1908 First Buddhist Mission to U. K.
2455 1911 Founding of All China Buddhist Association in Nanking.
2458 1914 First World War 1914-1918
2464 1920 Commencement of the Dhammarajika Vihara at Buddha Gaya
2465 1921 Founding of Societe belge d'etudes Orientales
2468 1924 Establishment of the Buddhist Society, U. K.
2469 1925 Buddhist House at Frohnau, West Germany built by Paul Dahlke
2472 1928 Commencement of Mulagandhakuti Vihara, Isipatana.
2474 1930 First Pan-Pacific Buddhist Conference in Honolulu
2478 1934 Ven. Narada's first Buddhist Mission to Indonesia, Second General Conference of Pan-Pacific Young Buddhist Associations in Kyoto
2383 1939 Second World War 1939- 1945
2490 1946 Buddhist mission from Sri Lanka to Nepal
2492 1948 Buddha Sasana Council in Burma Gaining of political Independence by India, Pakistan, Ceylon and Burma.
2494 1950 Inaugural meeting of the World Fellowship of Buddhists
2496 1952 Visit of American upasika Dhammadinna to Melbourne and Sydney and forming of Buddhist Societies of New South Wales and of Victoria
2498 1954 Sixth Buddhist Council in Burma (Theravada) Ven. Narada's mission to Sweden.
2500 1956 Buddha Jayanti - 2500th anniversary of Parinibbana of Buddha, Founding of Buddhist Society in Brazil.
2502 1958 Founding of the Buddhist Publication Society in Kandy, Sri Lanka.
2503 1959 Flight of the Dalai Lama from Tibet to India.
2507 1963 Persecution of Buddhists in Vietnam
2509 1965 First Theravada Buddhist Centre founded in Washington D.C. USA after visit of Ven. Pannasiha Mahanayaka Thera of Sri Lanka.
2510 1966 Buddhist research centre established at Halle, GDR Tibetan Lama Trungvo Rinpoche arrived in U.K.
2511 1967 Buddhist Mission to Ghana by Ven. Piyadassi. Sri Lanka First Buddhist Vihara established in Brazil.
2514 1970 Buddhist Centre founded in Canada.
2519 1975 Forming of the Buddhist Union of Europe
2522 1978 Establishment of Toronto Buddhist Vihara, Scarborough, Canada.
2526 1982 Conference of World Buddhist Leaders and Scholars held in Sri Lanka, June 1 - 4.