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|Aasta||Major Events in Chinese Buddhism|
|1. sajand pKr||• Ajalooliste andmete kohaselt jõudsid kaks budistlikku munka Kāšjapa ja Dharmarakša 68. aastal Indiast Han dünastia (25-220 pKr) keisri Mingi (58-75) õukonda. Neile sai osaks keiserlik soosing ja nad jäid, et tõlkida mitmeid budistlikke tekste, milledest üks,"Neljakümne kahe lõigu suutra," on isegi tänapäeval populaarne.|
|2. sajand|| • Esimene Indiast pärit budistliku teksti tõlge hiina keelde An Shih-Kao poolt 148. aastal.|
• Mahajaana munk Lokaksema tõlkis Small Perfections of Wisdom Sutra and A Land of Bliss Sutra (168).
|4th century CE|| • Fo-T'u-Teng rajab budistliku sangha nunnade ehk bhikuni-de jaoks (317).|
• Translation of Buddhist texts into Chinese by Kumarajiva (344-413) and Hui-yüan (344-416).
|5th century CE|| • Chinese pilgrim scholar Fa-hsien visits India (399-414).|
• Amitabha (Amida) the Pure Land School (Ching t'u) emerges in China (402).
|6th century CE|| • Bodhidharma, first Patriarch of the Ch'an School arrives in China from India in 520 (variant 526).|
• The T'ang dynasty (618-907) was the Golden Age of Chinese Buddhism.
|7th century CE|| • The Southern School of Ch'an or new Ch'an begins in earnest with Hui-neng (638-713) the Sixth Patriarch.|
• The Persecution in 845, during the reign of Emperor Wu-tsung (841-7) an order came to the effect that all Buddhist establishments should be destroyed, initiating a decline in Chinese Buddhism.
|10th century CE|| • In 972, the first emperor of the Sung Dynasty ordered the complete printing of the Chinese Tripitaka. This was achieved in 983, known as the Shu-pen (Szechuan edition).|
• Two classic collections appeared, the Blue Cliff Record, (Pi-yen-lu; Jap. Hekiganroku) compiled by Hsueh Tou Ch'ung Hsien (980-1152) and the Gateless Gate (Wu-men-kuan; Jap. Mumonkan) compiled by Wu-men Hui kai (1184-1260).
|12th to 15th century CE|| • China during the Yuan Dynasty was under Mongolian rule and the influences of Tibetan Lamaism. It was during the Mogol Dynasty that the Buddhist-Taoist controversy was brought before Mangu Khan in 1255. The acrimonious debate, which had started over a 1000 years before was finally concluded in the Buddhist's favour by an edict of Kublai Khan in 1281.|
• Movement toward unity among the schools developed under the Ming Dynasty (1368-1643)
|The Modern Era|| • The revolution of 1911 that toppled the Manchu Dynasty and established the Republic of China brought problems for the Buddhist Sangha. To combat these trends arose a remarkable monk, T'ai-hsu (1898-1947) who was able to rally his fellow religionists and to initiate a program of reform. On the national scale he organised a Chinese Buddhist Society in 1929.|
• A revival of the Idealistic School was initiated by the publication in 1901of the Ch'eng-wei-shih-lun (Notes on the Completion of the Idealistic Doctrine) of K'uei-chi, long lost in China but brought back from Japan. The leader of this revival was the layman Ou-yang Chien, and the Institute of Inner Learning, which he organised in Naking (Nanjing) in 1922.